Involvement of Jordanian Nurses in Health Policy: Perceived Benefits, Barriers and Impacts on Health OutcomesName : Dr. Raeda F AbuA Rub
Affliation : Professor and Dean of Nursing
University : Jordan University of Science and Technology
Country : Jordan
Aim: To examine (1) the level of involvement of Jordanian nurses in health policy development; and (2) perceived benefits, barriers and impacts on health outcomes of involvement in the health policy process.
Background: Lack of nurses’ political involvement may result in self-serving policies by policy decision makers who are in power, and passing health policies that are less than optimum.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted in this study. A convenience sample of 231 nurses was recruited with a response rate of 77%. A self- administered questionnaire was used in this study.
Results: The results revealed that participants were most frequently involved in the health policy activity "voting for a candidate or a health policy proposal". The mean scores for the involvement of participants as nurses and as citizens were low. The most perceived frequent barrier to involvement in health policy was lack of time.
Discussion: The low rate of Jordanian nurse’s involvement in health policy and their perceptions of moderate interest in influencing health policy could be explained by the fact that most participants had family roles in addition to work roles which might leave with little time for health policy activities. Lack of mentoring for nurses by the nursing leaders who are politically empowered and knowledgeable about health policy process could also negatively affect involvement of nurses in health policy development.
Conclusion and Implications for Health Policy: The results of this current study are considered a baseline data and information for nurse leaders and administrators to enhance the level of nurses' involvement in the health policy development. The level of involvement of nurses in health policy activities might be enhanced by focusing more on the perceived benefits, health policy education and training, and overcoming the perceived barriers.
Biography: Dr. Raeda AbuAlRub (PhD, RN) completed her BSN Degree from Jordan University of Science and Technology in 1992. She completed her Master Degree in 1995 in Community Health Nursing from Texas Tech University in US. She earned her PhD in Nursing Service Administration from the University of Iowa In US In 2003. She is currently working as a Professor and Dean for College of Nursing in University of Science and Technology, at Jordan. She worked as a consultant for WHO since 2003. She is currently the focal person for Jordan Sub-node for “The nodal institution to support the conduct and use of implementation and health policy & systems research in policy and program planning, implementation and scale up” and the Focal Person for WHO for research in healthcare sector. Her research interests are about patients, nurses and organizational outcomes. She had published more than 30 research articles in international peer reviewed journals. She earned the Vivian Dahl Trunnell Dissertation Award in 2000 from the University of Iowa, School of Nursing in USA, and also earned award for excellence in research and surgeon award for Library use from Texas Tech University, School of Nursing in USA.